Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (l-tga) _ university of maryland medical center

L-TGA is a congenital heart defect. Rheumatic heart disease diagnosis It stands for levo-transposition of the great arteries. Risk factors for coronary heart disease It is also called congenitally corrected TGA.

In a normal heart, the blood without oxygen (“blue” blood) goes into the right atrium (collecting chamber), then into the right ventricle (pumping chamber) and out to the lungs through the pulmonary artery.


Symptoms of heart disease in child After the blood has oxygen (“red” blood), it returns to the left atrium, goes into the left ventricle, then gets pumped out the aorta to be delivered to the body. Ischemic heart disease treatment drugs In L-TGA, the connections between the atria and ventricles and ventricles and arteries are abnormal.

The atria and ventricles are called right and left not just because of which side they are on, but also because of certain features. Coronary heart disease risk This means that it is possible for the right ventricle to be on the left side and vice versa.

The right atrium is connected to the left ventricle and the left atrium is connected to the right ventricle. Child heart disease The left ventricle is attached to the pulmonary artery and the right ventricle is attached to the aorta. Right coronary artery disease This means that the “blue” and “red” blood still get where they need to go; the “blue” blood goes from the right atrium to the left ventricle then to the lungs to get oxygen. Coronary heart disease coronary artery disease The “red” blood comes back to the left atrium, goes to the right ventricle, then to the body through the aorta.

Since the blood gets to the correct place, some people call this “congenitally corrected”.

Many patients with L-TGA will also have other heart abnormalities. Chf heart disease This includes holes in the heart, like ventricular septal defects (VSDs) and atrial septal defects (ASDs). As heart disease There can also be valve abnormalities. Coronary heart disease death These other abnormalities can affect the blood flow patterns. Ischemic heart disease medscape Q: What causes double outlet right ventricle?

In most cases, there is no known cause for L-TGA. Symptoms for heart disease There are no specific genetic syndromes seen with L-TGA. Heart disease in the us Q: How is L-TGA diagnosed?

L-TGA is usually diagnosed with an echocardiogram, an ultrasound of the heart.

Some may be diagnosed by a fetal echocardiogram before birth, but others may not be detected until after birth.

Some people do not get diagnosed until they are much older. Congenital heart disease medications This is usually the case when there are no other heart problems with the L-TGA. Rheumatic heart disease pictures The diagnosis would be confirmed with an echocardiogram. Ischemic heart disease diagnosis Q: Why does L-TGA make people sick?

Patients with L-TGA can have a variety of symptoms. Heart disease fact Some may be sick as infants, while others may not develop any symptoms until adulthood. Women and heart disease The type and timing of these symptoms is affected by additional heart defects and rhythm abnormalities of the heart.

The blood flow patterns are essentially normal in L-TGA. Congenital heart disease awareness The “blue” blood goes to the lungs and the “red” blood goes to the body.

The problem is that the ventricles are not in the correct positions. How can you get heart disease This means the right ventricle is doing the work normally done by the left ventricle – pumping blood to the body. Cholesterol heart disease It is a harder job to pump blood to the body. Heart disease risk factors The pressures in the body are higher than the pressures in the lungs.

Most of the time, the right ventricle finds a way to keep up with this job, but sometimes it reaches a point where it is not strong enough to do its job. Hypertensive heart disease without heart failure At that time, patients will start to develop signs of heart failure. Congenital heart disease tetralogy of fallot They may have difficulty breathing, tire more easily and have difficulty exercising.

It is difficult to predict how long the right ventricle will be able to handle its job. Valvular heart disease Some people develop problems as infants, while others are healthy well into adulthood.

Many patients with L-TGA have other heart abnormalities. Hypertensive heart disease causes Some of these may contribute to the symptoms that patients have. Heart disease articles Holes in the heart may lead to earlier signs of heart failure, as can valve abnormalities. Hypertensive heart disease sudden death Some patients may have mild symptoms, while others may be more severe.

Patients with L-TGA can have heart rhythm problems. Valvular heart disease guidelines 2015 They are at higher risk to have fast abnormal heart rhythms. Congenital heart disease ppt They are also at risk to develop heart block, which is when the electrical activity does not travel normally from the atria to the ventricles. Ischemic heart disease Q: What care will my child need?

If the diagnosis of L-TGA is discovered before birth, then your baby’s delivery may be planned. Heart disease diagnosis He or she will go to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) after birth. Heart disease women An echocardiogram will be done and the baby’s breathing and oxygen level will be monitored.

The same things would happen if the diagnosis is made after birth. Valvular heart disease symptoms If the baby has no other problems and is not expected to have any symptoms right away, he or she can go home soon after birth with frequent monitoring as an outpatient.

Many children are diagnosed later in life. Symptoms of rheumatic heart disease in adults Their care will depend on their symptoms and on the other heart problems. Another name for heart disease At the very least, they will have an echocardiogram and electrocardiogram. Heart disease men Q: What is the surgery for L-TGA?

What needs to be done for L-TGA depends on many things: symptoms, the function of the right ventricle, what other heart problems are present, and when the surgery is to be done.

Patients who have only L-TGA – with no other major heart problems, no symptoms and normal function of the right ventricle – may not require heart surgery. Symptoms of rheumatic heart disease They will need to be closely monitored for any changes.

Some patients may have surgery to close holes in the heart (ASDs or VSDs) or to repair valves.

Sometimes a more complicated surgery is done to relieve the right ventricle and make the left ventricle the pump to the body. Coronary heart disease life expectancy This surgery is called a double switch operation. Heart disease explanation It is called this because it involves rerouting the blood return from the body and lungs so that the “blue” blood goes to the right ventricle and the “red” blood goes to the left ventricle. Classification of congenital heart disease The arteries are also switched, so that the left ventricle pumps the “red” blood to the aorta, and the right ventricle pumps the “blue” blood to the lungs. Smoking heart disease This makes it so the blood flows to the correct places and the left ventricle is back to doing the job of pumping to the body.

The timing of the double switch operation is important. Hereditary heart disease If the left ventricle does not pump at high pressures for a long time its muscle will get weaker.

In young patients, the muscle may need to be retrained to make it strong enough to act as the pump to the body. Symptoms of heart disease in females This retraining may require surgeries before the double switch to make the left ventricle stronger. First signs of heart disease If the left ventricle goes too long without pumping at high pressure, it could be unable to be retrained and the double switch may not be possible.

Some patients with L-TGA may require repeat procedures or surgeries. Depression and heart disease Some patients who have poor function of the right ventricle may eventually need a heart transplant.

All patients will need lifelong follow up with a cardiologist. Coronary heart disease heart attack Q: What is the long-term prognosis for L-TGA?

In general, the long-term prognosis for L-TGA is good, although it depends on how well the right ventricle functions.

Although patients may need additional surgeries or procedures, they are not typically on a lot of medications. Icd 9 code valvular heart disease Their activities are typically not limited. Coronary artery disease facts Some patients may develop heart rhythm abnormalities later in life, requiring medications or pacemakers. The most common heart disease Q: If I have had one baby with L-TGA, are my future pregnancies more likely to have L-TGA?

When one family member has a congenital heart defect, there is an increased risk in other family members. Is a heart attack heart disease A genetic counselor can better determine what the risk would be for future pregnancies.

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