Coronary artery spasm _ health _ patient

Coronary artery spasm is a temporary narrowing of one or more of the coronary arteries. Heart disease examples The coronary arteries supply blood to the heart muscle. Ischemic heart disease vs myocardial infarction Coronary artery spasm may cause no symptoms but often causes angina pain in the chest.

Treating heart disease The chest pain often occurs at rest and during the night. Early signs of heart disease Coronary artery spasm can usually be treated with healthy lifestyle advice and medicines. Heart and blood vessel disease The outcome is generally good. Rheumatic heart disease signs and symptoms in adults What is coronary artery spasm?

Coronary artery spasm is a temporary, sudden narrowing of one or more of the coronary arteries. Arteriosclerotic heart disease The spasm slows or stops blood flowing through the artery and so reduces the blood supply to the heart muscle. Heart disease define Coronary artery spasm is sometimes called variant angina or Prinzmetal’s angina. Coronary artery disease quizlet Understanding the arteries of the heart

The heart is mainly made of special muscle. Heart disease who The heart pumps blood into arteries which take the blood to every part of the body. Congenital heart disease in adults ppt Like any other muscle, the heart muscle needs a good blood supply. Coronary heart disease causes The coronary arteries take blood to the heart muscle. The heart disease They are the first arteries to branch off the aorta. Www heart disease This is the large artery taking blood from the heart to the rest of the body.

If one or more of your coronary arteries becomes narrowed then the blood supply to a part, or parts, of your heart muscle is reduced. Heart disease medicine The reduced blood supply to the heart muscle often causes chest pain, which is called angina. Coronary heart disease nhs The narrowing of the arteries is most often caused by fatty patches or plaques (atheroma). How does heart disease develop See separate leaflet called Angina for more details.

About 1 person in every 50 with angina has coronary artery spasm. Coronary heart disease icd 10 Coronary artery spasm is most common in people aged between 40 and 70 years.

Coronary artery spasm is much more common in people who smoke or have high blood pressure or a high blood cholesterol level. Heart disease in men However, coronary artery spasm may occur without any risk factors for heart disease. Aspirin heart disease Risk factors for heart disease include smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol.

Coronary artery spasm often occurs in coronary arteries that have not already become blocked with fatty patches or plaques (atheroma). Rheumatic heart disease adults However, coronary artery spasm can also occur in coronary arteries that are already partially blocked with atheroma.

Coronary artery spasm may occur without any obvious cause. Information of heart disease At other times the spasm may be triggered by various factors such as:

Coronary artery spasm may occur without any symptoms. Coronary heart disease information The most common symptom is heart chest pain (angina). Heart disease symptoms in women If the coronary artery spasm is severe and lasts long enough then it may cause a heart attack (myocardial infarction).

With angina, the pain is usually severe and felt under the breast bone (sternum) or on the left side of the chest. Hypertensive heart disease mayo clinic The pain is often described as crushing, pressure, squeezing or tightness. Cure for heart disease The pain may spread to the neck, jaw, shoulder or arm. Adult congenital heart disease Angina can also be caused by cardiac syndrome X.

The chest pain caused by coronary artery spasm often occurs at rest and commonly doesn’t occur during exercise. Rheumatic heart disease definition This is very different from angina due to fatty patches or plaques (atheroma), when the pain is usually triggered by exercise and goes away when you rest. Where is heart disease most common The chest pain may occur at the same time each day and most often occurs during the night and early morning. Main cause of coronary heart disease The pain can be very variable but usually lasts between 5 and 30 minutes.

Coronary artery spasm may also cause shortness of breath. Treatment for coronary heart disease A severe episode of coronary artery spasm may cause a loss of consciousness.

If you are thought to have heart chest pain (angina), you will usually be referred to see a specialist for investigations. Congenital heart disease in infants The initial investigations will include blood tests, a ‘heart tracing’ (electrocardiogram, or ECG), an echocardiogram and coronary angiography. Coronary heart disease who Other investigations may also be used, including a myocardial perfusion scan, a radionuclide (isotope) scan or an MRI scan.

The coronary angiogram may be normal if there is no blockage of the coronary arteries caused by fatty patches or plaques (atheroma). Coronary heart disease symptoms However, coronary artery spasm can be triggered by injecting a chemical into one of your veins. Heart disease what is it The chemical is otherwise safe and the coronary angiogram may then show temporary narrowing of the coronary arteries in people with coronary artery spasm. Heart disease nutrition This is called a provocation test.

The aim of treatment is to control chest pain and to prevent a heart attack (myocardial infarction). Coronary heart disease atherosclerosis The most important aspects of treatment are to avoid any known triggers for coronary artery spasm and to reduce the risk of heart disease. Hypertensive heart disease icd 10 Reducing the risk of heart disease includes:

• Lifestyle advice to stop smoking, eat a healthy diet, have regular exercise and reduce body weight if overweight.

• Medicines may be needed, such as to control high blood pressure or a high cholesterol level.

A medicine called glyceryl trinitrate can be used to relieve an episode of chest pain. Prevention of congenital heart disease Your healthcare provider may prescribe other medicines to prevent chest pain. Is congestive heart failure heart disease You may also need a type of medicine called a calcium-channel blocker or a long-acting nitrate. Cornary heart disease Beta-blockers should be avoided because they may make this condition worse.

You will need to be referred to a heart specialist for further investigations and treatment. 3 vessel coronary artery disease Further treatments may include coronary angioplasty if you also have coronary artery blockage caused by fatty patches or plaques (atheroma).

An implantable cardioverter defibrillator may be needed if you are at risk of life-threatening abnormal heart rhythms caused by coronary artery spasm. Ischemic heart disease guidelines See separate leaflet called Abnormal Heart Rhythms (Arrhythmias) for more details. Facts on heart disease What are the possible complications?

Coronary artery spasm may cause an abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia), which may be life-threatening. Heart disease screening Severe and prolonged coronary artery spasm may cause a heart attack (myocardial infarction).

Coronary artery spasm is a long-term condition. Rheumatic heart disease medications However, treatment most often helps to control symptoms. Risk for heart disease The outcome for people with coronary artery spasm is generally good if they follow treatment recommendations and avoid certain triggers. Ischemic heart disease meaning The outcome is not as good if people who also have blockage of the coronary arteries caused by fatty patches or plaques (atheroma). Coronary heart disease age Coronary artery spasm may be a sign that you have a high risk for heart attack (myocardial infarction) or potentially life-threatening irregular heart rhythms (arrhythmias).

Original Author: Dr Colin Tidy Current Version: Dr Colin Tidy Peer Reviewer: Dr Hayley Willacy Document ID: 29233 (v1) Last Checked: 15 April 2016 Next Review: 15 April 2019

The information on this page is written and peer reviewed by qualified clinicians.

Disclaimer: This article is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. Left coronary artery disease Patient Platform Limited has used all reasonable care in compiling the information but make no warranty as to its accuracy. How do you get heart disease Consult a doctor or other health care professional for diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions. Coronary heart disease possible causes For details see our conditions.

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