Diet and congestive heart failure _ patient education _ ucsf medical center

Congestive heart failure (CHF) occurs when the heart does not pump efficiently and does not deliver enough oxygen to your body. Chronic ischemic heart disease Many diseases lead to CHF, such as high blood pressure and diseases of the heart and kidney.

Treatment for CHF helps to prevent its complications and relieve its symptoms.

The heart does not have to work as hard when you make some changes in your diet.


Coronary heart disease prevention If you eat too much salt or drink too much fluid, your body’s water content may increase and make your heart work harder. Types of heart disease in humans This can worsen your CHF. Heart disease description The following diet will help decrease some of your symptoms. Ischemic heart disease definition Reduce the Salt in Your Diet

Enjoying what you eat is important. Congenital heart disease echocardiography Even if you crave salt you can learn to like foods that are lower in salt. Left main coronary artery disease symptoms Your taste buds will change soon, and you will not miss the salt. Heart disease symptons Removing salt can bring out flavors that may have been hidden by the salt.

Reduce the salt content in your diet by trying the following suggestions:

• Choose plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables. Valvular heart disease icd 9 They contain only small amounts of salt.

• Choose foods that are low in salt, such as fresh meats, poultry, fish, dry and fresh legumes, eggs, milk and yogurt. Congenital heart disease asd Plain rice, pasta and oatmeal are good low-sodium choices. Congenital heart disease prognosis However, the sodium content can increase if salt or other high-sodium ingredients are added during their preparation.

• Season with herbs, spices, herbed vinegar and fruit juices. Rheumatic heart disease emedicine Avoid herb or spice mixtures that contain salt or sodium. Congenital heart disease evolve case study Use lemon juice or fresh ground pepper to accent natural flavors. Coronary heart disease tests Try orange or pineapple juice as a base for meat marinades. Coronary heart disease vs ischemic heart disease See “Salt-Free Herb Blends,” below, for other ideas.

• Read food labels before you buy packaged foods. Coronary heart disease hereditary Check the nutrition facts on the label for sodium content per serving. Congenital heart disease medscape Find out the number of servings in the package. Congenital heart disease mayo clinic How does the sodium in each serving compare to the total sodium you can eat each day? Try to pick packaged foods with a sodium content less than 350 milligrams for each serving. Coronary heart disease diet plan It is also useful to check the list of ingredients. Coronary heart disease recipes If salt or sodium is listed in the first five ingredients, it is too high in sodium.

Use the nutrition information included on packaged foods. Heart disease names Be sure to notice the number of servings per container. Rheumatic heart disease ppt Here are tips for using this information.

• Nutrient List — The list covers nutrients most important to your health.

• % Daily Value — This number shows how foods meet recommended nutrient intake levels for a 2,000 calorie reference diet. Meaning of heart disease Try to eat no more than 100 percent of total fat, cholesterol and sodium.

• Daily Values Footnote — Some food labels list daily values for 2,000 and 2,500 calorie daily diets.

• Calories Per Gram Footnote — Some labels give the approximate number of calories in a gram of fat, carbohydrate and protein.

• Sodium Content — Always check the sodium content. Signs of heart disease in fingernails Look for foods with a sodium content less than 350 milligrams for each serving.

• Shake the habit. Ischemic heart disease nhs Remove the salt shaker from the kitchen counter and table. Heart disease prevention A 1/8 teaspoon “salt shake” adds more than 250 milligrams of sodium to your dish.

• Be creative. How to get a heart disease Instead of adding salt, spark up the flavor with herbs and spices, garlic, onions and citrus juices. Valvular heart disease ppt See the recipes for salt-free herb blends, below.

• Be a low-salt cook. Diet for heart disease In most recipes, you can cut back on salt by 50 percent or even eliminate it altogether. Left main coronary artery disease prognosis You can bake, broil, grill, roast, poach, steam or microwave foods without salt. Treatment of heart valve disease Skip the urge to add salt to cooking water for pasta, rice, cereal and vegetables. Is heart attack a disease It is an easy way to cut back on sodium.

• Be careful with condiments. Heart attack and heart disease High-sodium condiments include various flavored salts, lemon pepper, garlic salt, onion salt, meat tenderizers, flavor enhancers, bouillon cubes, catsup, mustard, steak sauce and soy sauce.

• Stay away from hidden salt. Signs of heart disease in cats Canned and processed foods, such as gravies, instant cereal, packaged noodles and potato mixes, olives, pickles, soups and vegetables are high in salt. Statistics on heart disease Choose the frozen item instead; or better yet, choose fresh foods when you can. Ischemic heart disease icd 9 Cheeses, cured meats (such as bacon, bologna, hot dogs and sausages), fast foods and frozen foods also may contain a lot of sodium.

A low-sodium diet does not need to spoil the pleasure of a restaurant meal. Articles on heart disease However, you will have to be careful when ordering. Facts about heart disease Here are some tips for meals away from home:

• Move the salt shaker to another table. Ischemic heart disease medications Ask for a lemon wedge or bring your own herb blend to enhance the food’s flavor.

• Recognize menu terms that may indicate a high sodium content: pickled, au jus, soy sauce or in broth.

• Select raw vegetables or fresh fruit rather than salty snacks.

• Go easy on condiments such as mustard, catsup, pickles and tartar sauce. What is cardiovascular heart disease Choose lettuce, onions and tomatoes. Coronary heart disease diet Remember that bacon and cheeses are high in sodium.

• Request that the cook prepare foods without adding salt or MSG. Valvular heart disease statistics Or ask for sauces and salad dressings on the side since they are often high in sodium. Congenital heart disease in adults For a salad, use a twist of lemon, a splash of vinegar or a light drizzle of dressing.

Instead of seasoning your food with salt, enhance the flavor of food with these salt-free herb and spice combinations. Cardiovascular heart disease To make 1/2 cup, combine the ingredients in a jar. 10 signs of heart disease Cover tightly and shake. Heart disease conditions Keep in a cool, dry place. Is heart failure a disease Then rub or sprinkle them on food for flavor. Rheumatic heart disease uptodate Chinese 5-Spice

For salads, pasta salads, steamed vegetables, vegetable soup or fish:

• 1 tablespoon of each: dried oregano, dill weed, celery flakes

For tomato-based soups, pasta dishes, chicken, pizza, focaccia and herbed bread:

• 2 tablespoons of each: dried basil, dried marjoram, thyme, crushed dried

For mixing with cottage cheese, yogurt, or low-fat sour cream:

• 1 tablespoon of each: dried chives, garlic powder, dried lemon peel and dried chervil

This information is for educational purposes only and is not intended to replace the advice of your doctor or health care provider. Preventing heart disease We encourage you to discuss with your doctor any questions or concerns you may have.

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