Heart attack – nhs choices

A heart attack (myocardial infarction or MI) is a serious medical emergency in which the supply of blood to the heart is suddenly blocked, usually by a blood clot.

A heart attack is a medical emergency. Define heart disease Dial 999 and ask for an ambulance if you suspect a heart attack.

A lack of blood to the heart may seriously damage the heart muscle and can be life-threatening.


Valvular heart disease nclex questions Symptoms of a heart attack

• chest pain – the chest can feel like it’s being pressed or squeezed by a heavy object, and pain can radiate from the chest to the jaw, neck, arms and back

It’s important to stress that not everyone experiences severe chest pain; the pain can often be mild and mistaken for indigestion.

It’s the combination of symptoms that’s important in determining whether a person is having a heart attack, and not the severity of chest pain.

Read about the symptoms of a heart attack. Ischaemic heart disease Treating heart attacks

While waiting for an ambulance, it may help to chew and then swallow a tablet of aspirin (ideally 300mg) – as long as the person having a heart attack isn’t allergic to aspirin.

The aspirin helps to thin the blood and reduce the risk of a heart attack.

In hospital, treatment for a heart attack depends on how serious it is. The two main treatments are:

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of heart attacks.

CHD is a condition in which the major blood vessels that supply the heart get clogged up with deposits of cholesterol, known as plaques.

Before a heart attack, one of the plaques ruptures (bursts), causing a blood clot to develop at the site of the rupture. Rheumatic heart disease valve The clot may block the supply of blood to the heart, triggering a heart attack.

Read about the causes of a heart attack. Congenital heart disease pda Recovering from a heart attack

The time it takes to recover from a heart attack will depend on the amount of damage to the heart muscle. Heart attack disease Some people are well enough to return to work after two weeks. Is congestive heart failure a disease Other people may take several months to recover.

• reduce your risk of another heart attack – through a combination of lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthy diet, and medications, such as statins (which help lower blood cholesterol levels)

• gradually restore your physical fitness – so you can resume normal activities (known as cardiac rehabilitation)

Most people can return to work after having a heart attack, but how quickly depends on your health, the state of your heart and the type of work you do.

Read about recovering from a heart attack. Obesity and heart disease Complications of a heart attack

Complications of a heart attack can be serious and possibly life-threatening. Rheumatic heart disease icd 9 These include:

• arrhythmia – this is an abnormal heartbeat, where the heart begins beating faster and faster, then stops beating (cardiac arrest)

• cardiogenic shock – where the heart’s muscles are severely damaged and can no longer contract properly to supply enough blood to maintain many body functions

• heart rupture – where the heart’s muscles, walls or valves split apart (rupture)

These complications can occur quickly after a heart attack and are a leading cause of death.

Many people die suddenly from a complication of a heart attack before reaching hospital, or within the first month after a heart attack.

• age – serious complications are more likely as you get older

• the severity of the heart attack – how much of the heart’s muscle has been damaged during the attack

• how long it took before a person received treatment – treatment for a heart attack should begin as soon as possible

Read about complications of a heart attack. 2 vessel coronary artery disease Preventing a heart attack

There are five main steps you can take to reduce your risk of having a heart attack (or having another heart attack):

• take regular exercise – adults should do at least 150 minutes (2 hours and 30 minutes) of moderate-intensity aerobic activity each week, unless advised otherwise by the doctor in charge of your care

• eat a low-fat, high-fibre diet, including whole grains and plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables (at least five portions a day)

• moderate your alcohol consumption – read more about alcohol units

A consultant cardiologist explains what a heart attack is, the symptoms, surgical treatments and why it’s important for coronary heart disease patients to reduce their risk factors.

A heart attack (myocardial infarction or MI) is a serious medical emergency in which the supply of blood to the heart is suddenly blocked, usually by a blood clot.

A heart attack is a medical emergency. J heart valve disease Dial 999 and ask for an ambulance if you suspect a heart attack.

A lack of blood to the heart may seriously damage the heart muscle and can be life-threatening. Congenital heart disease in cats Symptoms of a heart attack

• chest pain – the chest can feel like it’s being pressed or squeezed by a heavy object, and pain can radiate from the chest to the jaw, neck, arms and back

It’s important to stress that not everyone experiences severe chest pain; the pain can often be mild and mistaken for indigestion.

It’s the combination of symptoms that’s important in determining whether a person is having a heart attack, and not the severity of chest pain.

Read about the symptoms of a heart attack. How you get heart disease Treating heart attacks

While waiting for an ambulance, it may help to chew and then swallow a tablet of aspirin (ideally 300mg) – as long as the person having a heart attack isn’t allergic to aspirin.

The aspirin helps to thin the blood and reduce the risk of a heart attack.

In hospital, treatment for a heart attack depends on how serious it is. The two main treatments are:

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of heart attacks.

CHD is a condition in which the major blood vessels that supply the heart get clogged up with deposits of cholesterol, known as plaques.

Before a heart attack, one of the plaques ruptures (bursts), causing a blood clot to develop at the site of the rupture. Rheumatic heart disease treatment The clot may block the supply of blood to the heart, triggering a heart attack.

Read about the causes of a heart attack. Different types of heart disease Recovering from a heart attack

The time it takes to recover from a heart attack will depend on the amount of damage to the heart muscle. Ischemic heart disease mayo clinic Some people are well enough to return to work after two weeks. Symptons of heart disease Other people may take several months to recover.

• reduce your risk of another heart attack – through a combination of lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthy diet, and medications, such as statins (which help lower blood cholesterol levels)

• gradually restore your physical fitness – so you can resume normal activities (known as cardiac rehabilitation)

Most people can return to work after having a heart attack, but how quickly depends on your health, the state of your heart and the type of work you do.

Read about recovering from a heart attack. Rheumatic heart disease prognosis Complications of a heart attack

Complications of a heart attack can be serious and possibly life-threatening. Rheumatic heart disease radiology These include:

• arrhythmia – this is an abnormal heartbeat, where the heart begins beating faster and faster, then stops beating (cardiac arrest)

• cardiogenic shock – where the heart’s muscles are severely damaged and can no longer contract properly to supply enough blood to maintain many body functions

• heart rupture – where the heart’s muscles, walls or valves split apart (rupture)

These complications can occur quickly after a heart attack and are a leading cause of death.

Many people die suddenly from a complication of a heart attack before reaching hospital, or within the first month after a heart attack.

• age – serious complications are more likely as you get older

• the severity of the heart attack – how much of the heart’s muscle has been damaged during the attack

• how long it took before a person received treatment – treatment for a heart attack should begin as soon as possible

Read about complications of a heart attack. Rheumatic heart disease cure Preventing a heart attack

There are five main steps you can take to reduce your risk of having a heart attack (or having another heart attack):

• take regular exercise – adults should do at least 150 minutes (2 hours and 30 minutes) of moderate-intensity aerobic activity each week, unless advised otherwise by the doctor in charge of your care

• eat a low-fat, high-fibre diet, including whole grains and plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables (at least five portions a day)

• moderate your alcohol consumption – read more about alcohol units

A consultant cardiologist explains what a heart attack is, the symptoms, surgical treatments and why it’s important for coronary heart disease patients to reduce their risk factors.

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