Heart failure and hemodialysis arteriovenous fistulae

Cardiovascular disease is a well-recognized and important source of mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) [ 1-3]. Rheumatic heart disease nz Data collected by the United States Renal Data System indicated that the risk of death in a dialysis patient with heart failure is 0.33, 0.46, and 0.57 at 12, 24, and 36 months after initiating dialysis, respectively [ 4]. Valvular heart disease in pregnancy Although the presence of an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) has an adverse effect on cardiac function, the exact role of the vascular access in contributing to this morbidity is unclear.

The effect of AVFs on cardiovascular dynamics and the management of AVFs causing and/or exacerbating heart failure are presented in this topic review. Organic heart disease An overview of myocardial dysfunction in the patient with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is presented separately. Rheumatic heart disease (See “Myocardial dysfunction in end-stage renal disease”.)

There are several cardiovascular effects of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) creation.


Ischaemic heart disease facts These include:

The content on the UpToDate website is not intended nor recommended as a substitute

for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Is a heart attack considered heart disease Always seek the advice of your own physician or

other qualified health care professional regarding any medical questions or conditions. Symptoms of heart disease in dogs The

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