Myths fuel dangerous decisions to not vaccinate children

one summer vacation, Tyler Ludlum went from being a healthy 10-year-old,

looking forward to the pool, to an emotionally and physically traumatized

preteen who’d traded both of his feet, and half the fingers on his right hand,

meningococcal meningitis, a swelling of membranes around the brain and spinal

cord that’s caused by bacteria passed by nasal or oral droplets. Brain meningitis symptoms Tyler was

likely in the vicinity of a perhaps asymptomatic carrier of the disease, when

more than a case of being in the wrong place at the wrong time: A vaccine

that’s at least 85 percent effective at preventing meningococcal meningitis is

widely available and strongly recommended by health officials. Pictures of meningitis rash Too young to

have received the vaccination as part of a routine visit, Tyler was dependent on those around him to

worst thing on Earth to watch your child’s tissues slowly dying in front of

you,” Tyler’s mother Shara Ludlum told LiveScience. Viral meningitis symptoms Now a participant in

the Voices of Meningitis public education campaign, she hopes her son’s story

will encourage others to get vaccinated.

Meningitis transmission (Tyler, who is now 12 years old, has

two prosthetics that run from the bottom of his leg bones to just under his

knees, along with removable feet that he can add J-shaped springs to for

parents are choosing to avoid routine immunizations for fear they are putting

their child in harm’s way. Spinal meningitis in child It’s a decision that puts their kids – and their

“is a reasonable gut reaction,” said Paul Offit, chief of the Division of

Infectious Diseases and the director of the Vaccine Education Center at the

Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. Symptoms of meningitis baby But it’s a fear that should be battled

a child hurt, and that discomfort only escalates when watching a vial of

strange liquid enter a baby’s thigh through a vaccination needle. Meningitis b vaccine canada Pair that

disturbing sight with a mysterious illness that happens to occur soon after,

with rumors and anecdotes about links between vaccines and devastating

illnesses. H influenzae meningitis treatment The stories online are usually heartbreaking: My happy, sociable

child developed digestive issues in the weeks following immunization, which

have since led to autism; hours after getting her vaccinated, our healthy

because two things happened around the same time, does not mean one caused the

numbers of parents are falling prey to the rumors and choosing to eschew

vaccinations, thinking that they are playing it safe. Meningitis b vaccine essex [ 5 Dangerous Vaccination Myths ]

to not get a vaccine is not a risk-free choice,” Offit said. Meningitis neck pain “A lot

of diseases are out there, and if you choose to let your guard down, your child

children in private health plans getting properly immunized declined by as much

as 3.5 percent last year, according to a recent report by the National

Committee on Quality Assurance (NCQA), a nonprofit organization that tracks

immunization rates remain high, any drop is a cause for concern, said Jeffrey

Dimond of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Viral meningitis diagnosis “When a

drop like that happens, there is often a corresponding rise in the diseases vaccines

polio and mumps, while rarely seen in the United States, have not been

eradicated. Meningitis vaccine abbreviation And when contracted, they can have devastating consequences.

watched their child suffer brain damage, become paralyzed, go into a coma or

die after contracting the flu , measles, or some other disease for which

vaccinations exist are always stunned that it happened to them, Offit said.

the country where vaccinations are routinely shunned , the risk of infectious disease can be high.

In 2006 and 2009, there were outbreaks of mumps that sickened thousands in the

Midwest and East Coast, respectively. Meningite gruppo b In 2008, the United States saw its

biggest measles epidemic in more than a decade. M meningitis And the current outbreak of whooping cough is far exceeding its usual cyclical

to say ‘It is my right to catch a transferrable deadly disease,'” he said,

because the decision to avoid vaccination affects an entire population.

although unlikely, to contract an infectious disease even if properly immunized. Meningite b sintomas That chance

increases if portions – say, 15 to 30 percent – of one’s community haven’t

received vaccinations. Meningitis names “Opting out” on this scale makes it difficult

to achieve “herd immunity,” where the whole population is considered

safe from sporadic outbreaks because a critical percentage has been vaccinated.

vaccination rate of 70 percent is enough to reach herd immunity. Bacterial meningitis diagnosis But for

something as infectious as measles, unless the rate reaches 80 percent or more,

getting past the tipping point,” said Offit, where communities are no

longer protected by herd immunity against many infectious diseases.

have vaccination rates that top 90 percent, only about 75 percent of children

19 to 35 months of age were fully immunized in 2007, reports the NCQA. Meningitis outbreak 2016 The

vaccination coverage for meningococcal meningitis – the disease that took

Tyler’s feet – is estimated at around 50 percent. Symptoms of meningitis The vaccine is approved for

children 2 years and older, but is usually not given until age 11 because teens

and preteens are most at risk. Symptoms of meningitis child Like others under age 11, Tyler was reliant on

outbreak of pertussis, or whooping cough, which has sickened more than 6,000

people in the state since Jan. Meningite a milano 1, is affecting an area where people are known

to refuse vaccines, Offit said. Meningitis charity Of the 10 who have died, nine were reportedly

routine vaccination is missed due to ignorance or inadequate health care.

Vaccination rates for children on Medicaid hover below those of private health

exemption” to excuse their child from school immunization requirements, Dimond

said. Meningitis b vaccine green book They point to rumors littering the Internet that suggest shots can make children autistic or otherwise chronically ill.

infant death syndrome (SIDS), autism, ADHD, multiple sclerosis and cancer —

where the causes are complex and mostly unknown — are prone to attempts at

explanation. Baby meningitis symptoms It is human nature to want to find clear, controllable triggers

studies have consistently shown such rumors to be unfounded. Meningitis vaccine code As heartbreaking

as they are, emotional anecdotes must be analyzed in the light offered by science,

on the topic have found that kids who are vaccinated are not more prone to

chronic diseases than kids who are not vaccinated. Meningite cronica Despite ample effort to find

scientific evidence that would support the rumors and anecdotes, scientists have

found no correlation between vaccinations and autism, other neurological or

developmental problems, SIDS, multiple sclerosis, diabetes and other autoimmune

diseases (with the possible exception of little-understood and exceedingly-rare

of medical literature is a vast and varied place, and one can find a few

theories put forth by scientists that suggest ways a vaccine could make a kid sick.

more-compelling studies pointed to by Barbara Loe Fisher, co-founder of the

National Vaccine Information Center (NVIC), a non-profit organization that held

a conference on vaccinations in Reston, Va., last month. Spinal meningitis treatment Fisher, who describes

her oldest son as having vaccine-induced learning difficulties, is a prolific

vaccinated kids are not more likely to be chronically ill than other kids,

theories about possible mechanisms for vaccination-induced damage are little

review article singled out by Fisher, from the Israel Medical Association

influenzae type B (HiB) vaccination, which protects against the leading

cause of bacterial meningitis in infants, stimulates the immune system. Meningite lcr The

authors theorize that a cascade of reactions following such a stimulation

could, possibly, make a child more at risk for developing type I diabetes.

However, the same review article also points to two large-scale studies that

followed vaccinated and unvaccinated children for 10 years and found no

association between the HiB vaccine and type I diabetes. Spinal meningitis in newborns The largest, published

in the New England Journal of Medicine in 2004, followed 739,694 children and

caused illnesses, scientists explain, large-scale studies would find positive

correlations between vaccines and illness. Meningitis b vaccine private cost bupa But such studies consistently find

an overwhelmingly clear link between being unvaccinated and the likelihood of

contracting an infectious disease. Headache and back pain meningitis For example, more than 90 percent of people

not immunized against measles will develop the infection if they are exposed to

the safest, best-tested things we put in our bodies,” Offit said.

“They are better tested than antibiotics, better than vitamins, certainly

What should a parent worry about when considering immunizations ? Shots will make an infant cry, even

inconsolably in some rare cases. Teenage meningitis For older kids, the anticipation of pain can

occasionally cause fainting, Dimond said. Encephalitis meningitis Soreness at the injection site or a

completely safe,” Offit said, “but the actual side effects are not

be concerned about keeping their own vaccinations up-to-date, if not for their

own sake, then to protect their children. Meningococcal vaccine required for school The CDC recommends all adults receive

flu shots yearly and booster shots against diseases such as whooping cough

hears of parents making decisions about vaccines, she asks, “Why not

Robin Nixon was a staff writer for Live Science. What is meningitis and what causes it Robin has a combined B.A. Meningitis vaccine deaths in biology and psychology from Columbia University. Signs of bacterial meningitis She has served as a research assistant for studies conducted at New York University and Harvard.

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